Sex trafficking in cambodia 2012
In both studies, women were remunerated US at each study visit for their participation time.
All data collection occurred at the YWHS clinic, which was staffed by a physician, nurses, counsellors and a laboratory technician. STI treatment was provided at no cost, and women with HIV and HPV infection were referred to a local provider for free medical evaluation and treatment.
Future prevention research and programmes need to consider how new policies and demographic changes in FSW impact HIV transmission.
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A structured questionnaire was administered in Khmer by trained interviewers. HIV serology was performed using two rapid tests: Uni-Gold Recombigen HIV rapid HIV test (Trinity Biotech USA, Jamestown, New York, USA) and the Clairview HIV 1/2 STAT-PAK (Inverness Medical Diagnostics, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA).
The study protocols were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Committee on Human Research at UCSF, the Cambodian National Ethics Committee and the UNSW Human Research Ethics Committee in accordance with ethical standards (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.
While both cohorts were recruited using the same eligibility criteria, more recently sampled women had lower prevalence of sexual risk and HIV infection.
Women engaging more directly in transactional sex have become harder to sample and access.
The first, Young Women's Health Study (YWHS-1), was conducted in 2007–2008 and the second, YWHS-2, in 2009–2010.5 46 In this paper, we explore the changing HIV risk landscape by comparing and contrasting the two cohorts of FSW sampled prior to, and following, legislative changes designed to combat human trafficking and sexual exploitation in Cambodia.
We theorise that the demographic characteristics and HIV risk of FSW has shifted as a result of sociolegal change induced by the implementation of the new legislation.